The Autonomous Hardware, Software, Testing and Validation stream is exclusively dedicated to the design and development of highly automated and unmanned construction, mining, agricultural, industrial, and off-highway vehicles. The stream will focus on case studies and applications, testing and validation, and simulation and software.
Best practices learned in fielding autonomous tractors and trucks
Mel Torrie CEO Autonomous Solutions Inc USA
ASI has been developing autonomous industrial vehicles for 20 years in markets including agriculture, mining, and construction. The presentation will share the painfully learned lessons on that journey and case studies of projects in which they were learned. These lessons will touch on topics including hardware, software, system integration, testing, validation, change management and commissioning.
Redefining future autonomous transport solutions on and off road
Uwe Müller Program manager commercial pilots Volvo Autonomous Solutions Germany
Drawing on decades of technology expertise from across the Volvo Group, the newly formed Volvo Autonomous Solutions (VAS) has been established to accelerate the development, commercialization and sales of autonomous transport solutions. This presentation explains how the combined force of the Group’s dedicated vehicle technology is driving customer solutions on and off road. From the Group’s first self-driving mining truck and 5G-operated remote-controlled wheel loader through to the world’s first emission-free quarry and now to the commercial pilot of an autonomous electric hauler, VAS is leading the industry with a total autonomous transport package.
Danfoss autonomous forklift for warehouse operations
Dr Helder Camara Senior autonomous software engineer Danfoss Power Solutions Denmark
Danfoss shows again that it is an innovative company in autonomous machines by developing autonomous forklift solutions for indoor warehouses. The goal is to provide machine platforms with advanced capability using Danfoss products that empower customers to develop machines with fully autonomous operation using inexpensive sensors, manipulation of overhead loads, operation in unstructured cluttered environments, and in collaboration with human operators. The Danfoss Autonomous Forklift is equipped with cameras, laser scanners, IMU and a powerful onboard computer. A reference software implementation is also developed and tested, which allows a base level of full autonomy, enabling autonomous pick-and-place tasks.
Digital solutions for future construction sites – Concept-X
Dongwook (Derek) Lee Executive vice president Doosan Infracore Korea
This presentation will give an overall background of Concept-X, through its digital solutions for the outdoor smart factory. It will also outline the core technologies of Concept-X (X-Center, autonomous excavator, autonomous wheel loader) and what the next steps will be.
Software co-execution platform for connected off-highway machines
Adrien Mouaffo Tiadjio IoT product manager Bosch Rexroth AG Germany
In the growing world of connected off-highway machines, new players are offering software solutions/digital services for end customers. Moreover, new business models are emerging, where these new players have to establish a long-term direct relationship with the machine owner/end customer in order to have a profitable business. To address these changes, Bosch Rexroth is setting up a software co-execution platform for connected off-highway machines, where different players can deploy, monitor and share software services. These software services are run on the Linux-based Rexroth Connectivity Unit and remotely managed using the Bosch Device Management Portal.
Active automatic chassis stabilization for an excavator
Dr Christoph Boes Principal engineer Moog GmbH Germany
This paper shows the development of a high-performance servohydraulic actuation system for excavators to allow an 'easy drive' and/or teleoperated driving and later on an autonomous driving mode. The architecture of the system, based on a central unit and intelligent actuators, will be presented. Results will be shown in the form of measured values in a video clip showing the driving machine. The stabilization of the vehicle platform during off-road driving requires extremely high loop gains or performance in the force loops of the actuators.
Autonomous tractors and production management with Kubota
David Hart Managing director of Kubota UK and vice president business transformation Kubota UK UK
Synopsis to follow
Intelligent perception for agricultural automation
Dr Edmond DuPont Principal engineer Southwest Research Institute USA
Autonomous vehicles for agricultural applications have grown in recent years as an emerging technology to support productivity and sustainability. Perception sensors integrated with artificial intelligence can be applied to various crop-related applications and support safe automated navigation, environment modeling and crop analysis. This work presents the application of cameras and lidar sensors to classify environmental features applicable to agricultural environments. The intelligent perception framework extracts the structural profile and spectral classification of vegetation that can support various automated tasks that include mowing, harvesting and baling.
Coordinated mission management for multiple agricultural autonomous machines
Jorge Viramontes Engineering manager - autonomous systems JCA Electronics Canada
The introduction of agricultural autonomous machines presents an opportunity to shift from large machines toward solutions that use multiple smaller units to increase the efficiency, scalability and flexibility of farming operations. This presentation will cover some of the main challenges and considerations associated with managing multi-machine systems, including path planning, real-time adaptive missions, communication architecture and data management across multiple machines.
Snow removal at airports: from vision to operation
John Emil Halden Acting manager Yeti Snow Technology AS Norway
Yeti Snow Technology and Øveraasen have won the world's first commercial contract for delivery of autonomous snow removal equipment at airports. Over the next few years, the Swedish airport operator Swedavia will start using unmanned vehicles for winter maintenance of runways and taxiways at its airports. The presentation will cover the journey from the first vision of autonomous snow removal at airports to implementation at a major international airport in Scandinavia.
Perception for autonomous mobility – trends in lidar and radar technology
Dr Khasha Ghaffarzadeh Research director IDTechEx Germany
Lidars: We examine the many available technology options, and technical and strategic consequences of each technology choice. We discuss trends in FMCW versus ToF measurement, in NIR versus SWIR operation, and in mechanical versus micromechanical versus OPA versus other beam steering. We offer quantitative performance benchmarks, investment trend analyses, technology and market roadmap.
Radars: We discuss how radars are evolving toward single-package solutions implemented on advanced CMOS nodes. The increasing frequency and antenna array size is leading to higher range, velocity, and azimuth and lateral resolution. The denser and more accurate 4D point cloud enables deep learning to realize radar-based object classification, detection and beyond.
Intelligent construction machinery – component requirements, validation and testing
Due to the requirements of construction machines, new sensors are required that can withstand environmental influences. High availability is a key to success. This presentation will compare laser, ultrasound and radar sensors. It will also discuss the testing and validation of processes and systems, plus test processes for safe machines.
Advances in autonomous off-highway driving technologies and advanced analytics using AI
Anthony Ohazulike Senior researcher Hitachi Europe France
This review will present recent advances in the field of off-highway autonomous driving, including the technologies our team is developing to ensure smooth and comfortable off-highway autonomous driving, while ensuring that these technologies are robust in all weather conditions. The speaker will also present some of the technologies the team has been working on for advanced analytics using AI.
Combining development and testing approaches to reach high-quality cab HMIs
Borislav Nazarski Testing and validation expert Elektrobit Automotive GmbH Germany
In today's industrial vehicles, users are demanding more and more controls and functionalities to be added to the HMIs. OEMs are trying to satisfy these expectations while building unique and intuitive user experiences. This results in significantly increased complexity and a higher probability of errors during development. Developing and assuring the quality of those systems requires higher efforts and higher costs. To tackle these challenges, different development and testing approaches need to be followed. This presentation will describe how, by combining model-based development with testing automation, EB helps customers solve these challenges.
Autonomous drive platform testing and validation on multi-gigabit sensors
Alexander Noack Head of product center automotive electronics b-plus GmbH Germany
Mobile machines are increasingly moving toward automated and autonomous driving. The requirements of developers in test and validation for AD functions are on the rise. The presentation covers the main technical obstacles in dealing with multi-sensorics – focused on camera, radar and lidar – including systems and tool requirements, and gives an insight into best practices to overcome the challenges. Topics range from sensor data extraction via the recording of multiple sensor data streams, to the ingest into a data center or cloud infrastructure for further analysis, function development and AI training.
Lidar contamination in off-road applications
Kristiaan De Meester VP sales and business development XenomatiX Belgium
ADAS and AD applications are as important in off-road as they are in on-road – perhaps even more so. Although given less press attention, off-road applications benefit from confined areas to make fast progress in autonomous applications. The requirements for the sensor suite for off-road match most of the on-road requirements, with more importance placed on shock and contamination resistance. In some cases, such as mid-summer harvesting in Arizona, the functioning of the equipment depends on it, with or without autonomous driving. The paper describes the specific off-road requirements for lidar and discusses use cases and tests to validate the performance.
Connecting autonomous and assisted safe vehicles
Alexander Holler General manager electronics division Inter Control Germany
Industrial vehicles are increasingly remotely accessible to allow effective fleet management and immediate service. The increasing number of semi-autonomous and autonomous vehicles underlines the need for safety considerations when accessing such vehicles. During this presentation, possible communication architectures and the required processes will be introduced. Special attention will be given to the transfer of mass data, utilization of standard protocols and interfaces as well as the transfer of safe software for remote update and parameter changes on the vehicle.
Safety mechanism for advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS)
Paria Amini Safety manager Embotech AG and Rosas Switzerland
Autonomous vehicles need to be designed with appropriate levels of safety in the hardware and software portions of the computational system. Most ADAS need to comply with ASIL D requirements. On the other hand, the ADAS/AD needs to be a failsafe operational system. Achieving both goals is a challenging task because, as an example, verification and validation of motion planning and decision-making systems is not practically feasible. The ASIL decomposition between nominal and safety blocks, along with a diverse-redundant concept – especially in the planning and tracking phase of the ADAS design – can be the key to such complex software.
Operational machine and worksite simulation for autonomous control
Dr Arnold Free Chief innovation officer CM Labs Simulations Inc Canada
Navigation and operation in unstructured environments such as off-highway sites with soft soil and natural obstacles is particularly challenging due to their complex nature. Accurate simulation of vehicles and their interaction with off-road environments is required for training autonomous and semi-autonomous controllers. We discuss elements needed for such a simulation environment, such as accurate models for soft-soil interaction, and integration with subsystem models such as hydraulics, controls and sensors. We present a novel workflow and some examples of its use; in particular, modeling and validating a vehicle for mobility analysis, and tuning excavator hydraulics controllers.
Automated software quality assurance for autonomous vehicles
Heiko Dörr CEO Model Engineering Solutions GmbH Germany
This presentation will discuss how automated quality assurance of software models can reduce the increased efforts for validation and verification of software for autonomous vehicles; the basic guidelines for analysis and static model analysis; automating the analysis; interfaces for continuous integration and hook functions; ISO standards including requirements that can be covered with modeling guidelines and analysis; and evaluation of model structures.
SOTIF validation of AI models for Areas 2 and 3
Amin Amini Deputy CEO/head of automotive department CertX AG Switzerland
Safety of the Intended Functionality (SOTIF) applies to functionality that requires proper situational awareness in order to be safe. SOTIF is applicable to SAE Levels 4 and 5; since these levels rely on a lot of software decisions based on the artificial intelligence model, the safety validation of these AI models has become a key aspect. This presentation will provide an overview of how an AI model (perception system) can be validated for unsafe-known scenarios (Area 2) as well as unsafe-unknown scenarios (Area 3). A demo will also be presented to showcase the validation value for AVs.
Electric, Hybrid and Alternative Powertrain Solutions
The Electric, Hybrid and Alternative Powertrain Solutions stream is exclusively dedicated to the design and development of electric and hybrid vehicle technology for the construction, agricultural, industrial and off-highway vehicle industry.
Off-road is CORE to ZE success
Bill Van Amburg Executive vice president Calstart USA
California has just launched the Clean Off Road Equipment (CORE) incentive program, managed by Calstart and modeled on the successful HVIP on-road incentive program. CORE targets the leading equipment segments most ready for zero-emissions operations (terminal/yard tractors, TRUs, GSE, cargo lifts and other segments) and provides funding to cover incremental cost and infrastructure to help operators more quickly shift to cleaner equipment. Calstart will highlight how the programs work, the status of the eligible technologies, future equipment categories that could be included, how this will support the global market supply chain, and the applicability of this program to other regions.
From concept to reality – Volvo goes electric
Ahcène Nedjimi Electromobility specialist Volvo Construction Equipment Sweden
Volvo Group has shifted to electromobility throughout its business – from trucks and buses to marine and construction equipment. This presentation will discuss the market-leading innovation journey of Volvo CE as the company moves from prototype machines and research projects through to an industry-first commitment to stop development of diesel-based compact machines and the launch of their electric counterparts. It will address the challenges of adapting electromobility to the market, and also the successes that have emerged from customer trials, including the ECR25 Electric’s debut at the RHS Chelsea Flower Show in the UK.
Decarbonizing future powertrains
Dr Andrew Atkins Global technical lead and senior technologist Ricardo UK Ltd UK
Industrial vehicles pose a challenge to the engineer at a system level. It is imperative to decarbonize operations while remaining economically sustainable and clean. Coupled with challenging operational needs, a flexible approach to both use and storage of onboard energy is required. This paper reviews options we are assessing and how they might expedite adoption of environmentally beneficial technology.
Global off-highway vehicle electrification trends – forecast to 2030
Pietro Boggia Principal consultant Frost & Sullivan Spain
This presentation will take the audience through a recently published (November 2019) long-term forecast on OHV electrification trends at the global level. It will present a technology roadmap for OHV hybrid technology toward 2030 and beyond, introducing key drivers of electrification, and discussing market and technology trends and latest product advancements by OEMs. An off-highway equipment demand forecast will be revealed, predicting a brighter future for electrified machines. The market is expected to grow more than twofold by 2025. By 2030, the majority of OEMs will have ventured into the electrification domain.
Doosan's strategies for electrification and intelligent hybrid powertrain development
DocKoon Yoo Leader of advanced engine development (general manager) Doosan Infracore Korea
This presentation will review Doosan’s strategies for electrification with 48V mild/full hybrid and e-powerpack – the Intelligent Hybrid Powertrain. This will include the concept and architecture, and results of development (simulation, bench and vehicle test).
Electrification is the objective – how can it be made possible?
Philipp Hermann Market segment director Danfoss Power Solutions Germany
Electrification of construction machinery can offer a significant positive impact on productivity, operating cost and the environment. So why aren't we seeing many more electric construction machines in the field? The presentation will describe Danfoss's strategy to support our customers in overcoming the challenges of electrifying construction machinery. It will illustrate how we are utilizing the different technologies and capabilities in our organization to develop electrification solutions. The presented use case is a 13t wheel loader that was converted to a fully electric machine at our Application Development Center.
System dynamics simulation for evaluation of energy-efficient compaction drives architecture
Dr Ashraf Zeid Principal engineer II - virtual product development Volvo Construction Equipment USA
This work presents the use of system dynamics simulation for the evaluation of architectural structure that may include various energy sources for compaction drives. We use simulation to quantify compaction performance in terms of energy usage and components value proposition. We use AMESIM as the system dynamics modeling environment. AMESIM allows us to explore various electric architectures and compare them with hydraulic architectures in terms of energy efficiency. This choice also allows us to use the system dynamics models that we built for trade-off studies in co-simulation mode as plant models for algorithmic controls development. Decoupled dynamics justify run-time efficiency.
Current developments of high-torque e-motor design for off-road applications
Lukas Kirzinger Software and functions engineer AVL Software and Functions GmbH Germany
As electrification hits the automotive industry, not only passenger cars are affected. Trucks and off-road applications are explored for alternative drives as well. Here, no high speeds have to be achieved, and most of the time machines with high torque are required. AVL will give an overview of current developments in this area, including challenges for these applications and machine types, and solutions to achieve the best torque densities.
Modular and scalable electric drive platform for non-road mobile machinery
Dr Markus Merkel Professor Aalen University of Applied Sciences/Institute for Virtual Product Development Germany
Dirk Schuhmann Doctoral candidate/academic assistant Aalen University Germany
This paper presents a modular and scalable electric drive platform for NRMMs. The platform is part of a research project called Muffel+ funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research. The platform can be integrated into different machines with different performance classes. The modular and scalable electric drive platform will be demonstrated using the example of a hybrid multifunctional vehicle. The research project includes drive motors, power electronics and an intelligent control and cooling concept for the powertrain. The platform offers the possibility to integrate compact function-integrated components, which are produced by additive manufacturing.
Options for low-carbon mobile machinery
Alex Woodrow Managing director Knibb Gormezano Limited UK
With governments worldwide seeking to reduce GHG emissions, road transport is being targeted to shift to net-zero emissions. However, changes to the supply chain and energy system will disproportionately impact non-road mobile machinery manufacturers and end users, which benefit from close links to heavy road transport. The presentation will assess the benefits and challenges in the adoption of net zero in the agricultural, construction and materials handling segments.
Energy management strategy for fuel cell electric forklift and containers
Neha Roy Innovation leader Hyster-Yale Group Netherlands
If we want to be prepared for the future and zero-emission terminals, we should be discussing how we can flexibly and efficiently cater to changing duty cycle demands in various applications, with a good energy management strategy between fuel cell and battery maintaining the longevity of fuel cell systems and batteries.
Assessment of the electrification of a 3.5-ton compact excavator
Romain Nicolas Systems engineer - Simcenter Amesim for trucks, buses and off-highway applications Siemens Digital Industry Software France
Sebastian Schmid Solutions consultant Siemens Digital Industries Software Germany
Many drivers are in favor of electrification: low-emission zones, workplace emissions regulations, Stage V below 19kW. System simulation is a key asset for exploring electrification, by enabling the identification of electrical system requirements, supporting the pre-sizing of electric motor, power electronics and battery, and addressing the validation of components development versus system requirements (autonomy, aging, thermal management, power).
Off-highway electrification: why now is the right time
Alastair Hayfield Research director Interact Analysis UK
This presentation will give an overview of the global off-highway vehicle market and forecast toward low- and zero-emission solutions. This will include a discussion on our approach of looking at vehicle application/duty cycle, and how this impacts the trend toward electrification. The speaker will also offer an insight into the industrial Li-ion battery market, forward production and pricing trends, and the impact on off-highway electrification uptake. An overview of urban low- and zero-emission zones, and how these are driving early adoption, will also be given. There will also be discussion of the impact of on-highway commercial vehicle market electrification, including technology transition/migration and a detailed focus on China, and how new policies and company direction will impact the global market.
From components to innovative and efficient system solutions
It is not only efficient components that result in high energy-saving potential. It is also necessary to consider the system, the drivetrain and the duty cycles. The presentation will show different approaches.
Digital Displacement – a new roadmap toward efficient hydraulic systems
Dr Niall Caldwell Managing director Artemis Intelligent Power Ltd UK
Off-road vehicles contribute over 2% of global greenhouse gases. High energy use, tough environments, linear motions and cost pressures make electrification difficult. But there is low-hanging fruit: existing off-highway hydraulic systems waste 50-70% of the engine’s useful energy. Digital Displacement technology offers the industry a new roadmap to deliver dramatic efficiency improvements in hydraulic systems, reducing emissions and fuel costs while increasing productivity. Focusing on excavators, the presentation will show the latest results on an evolutionary path from today’s analog hydraulics toward fully digital hydraulic systems that will reduce fuel consumption (or battery size) by 50% or more.
Challenges and opportunities of thermal management in an HV-terminal tractor from an OEM and supplier perspective
Henri Jacobs Technical manager - terminals Terberg Benschop BV Netherlands
Josef Graubmann Managing director Ymer Technology GmbH Germany
Terberg Benschop BV has been manufacturing electrically powered terminal tractors since 2012 and noticed the need for optimum range while maintaining comfortable working conditions for the operator as well as optimally temperature controlled battery packs. To enhance our product offering and achieve these goals, for our third-generation EV terminal tractors we have partnered with Ymer for the TMS (thermal management system). Ymer Technology is a specialist in complex cooling systems and has developed a fully integrated TMS system for EV machines. Both companies will share the challenges and opportunities during the development of a tailored and integrated TMS for an EV-terminal tractor as well as the machine and TMS system behavior and performance based on intensive testing.
Next-generation permanent-magnet-free electric drives for no-noise regenerative systems
Edoardo Ruggeri System and application specialist Settima Meccanica Srl Italy
Rare earth magnets (REM) have cost volatility and availability issues that affect the industries using them. High efficiency, silent operation, cost-effectiveness, energy recovery and performance are key factors in next-gen IVT applications. Synchronous reluctance motors (SRM) are the low-torque ripple solution, removing REM dependence. Regenerative electrohydraulic application driven by REM-free SRM is achievable through integrated engineering of electromagnetic, mechanical vibration reduction and hydraulic unit design. A pump-motor unit based on no-noise two- (Continuum) or four- (Continuum 4Q) quadrant technology creates a highly efficient, compact and regenerative simplified electrohydraulic design. New design features include energy recovery, no noise, low vibrations, and high dynamics and power density.
What to consider when choosing a lithium-ion battery pack
Jason Lovell Engineering manager Hyperdrive Innovation UK
As an electrification partner to international brands, Hyperdrive has partnered with multiple OEMs to develop their electric product ranges. We share some of the most common problems our customers face and advise best practices for system design. This includes expert knowledge on new product development, minimizing development costs and reducing time to market, especially for OEMs without in-house electrification expertise. We will also discuss considerations related to battery safety, system sizing, thermal management, battery management system (BMS) integration, and integration of batteries into the client’s control and power systems.
Modular battery charging systems for industrial vehicles
Chris Botting Manager of research Delta-Q Technologies Canada
Picking the right battery charger is a critical design choice for electrified vehicles. Your industrial vehicle needs an efficient and robust onboard charging system that can withstand harsh environments and use. A modular battery charging system has advantages over a single bulky charger, including packaging and installation flexibility, reliability and total cost of ownership.
The Cab Design, Controls, Ergonomics & HMI stream will explore next-generation cabin design and future technologies for industrial, commercial and off-highway vehicles. Topics will include enhanced productivity and operator comfort, display systems, and electronics.
Lightweight cab design and production
Uwe Rastel Vice president engineering and sales Fritzmeier Cabs Germany
The presentation will discuss lightweight design and production in the off-highway and utility environments, and what they mean for complete structures and system modules for high-tech cabs. In particular, it will describe how Fritzmeier came up with solutions for lightweight cab design in the context of production operations. It will outline the aluminum extrusion process in detail and explain how it enables the production of aluminum sections with high precision, different wall thicknesses and multiple chambers, aligned with the central benefits of safety, ergonomics, comfort and economy, and the key benefit of functional integration capability.
Flex-Steer solution – impact on modern cab designs
Ruediger Huettmann Product manager Danfoss GmbH & Co OHG Germany
In strong collaboration with OEMs, Danfoss developed a new on-road steer-by-wire subsystem solution called Flex-Steer. With the removal of the steering column and steering wheel, the solution allows for an unobstructed view of the area directly in front of the cabin, and Danfoss shows leadership and innovation regarding designing cabins and machines. The subsystem solution consists of a new active force-feedback joystick and electrohydraulic steering valve, where the control architecture between joystick and valve is fail-operational. Integrating a steer-by-wire solution results in better visibility, less operator fatigue and higher productivity, which are all factors that create improved operator experience.
Using driver-in-the-loop simulation to align product design with user expectations
Dr Arnold Free Chief innovation officer CM Labs Simulations Inc Canada
Off-highway equipment OEMs are realizing that product success hinges, in large part, on customers’ emotional attachment to products. In the past, to develop a product, customer requirements were collected, designers took their best shot and manufacturers hoped for the best. Today, with driver-in-the-loop (DIL) simulation, manufacturers are capturing and leveraging operator feedback earlier in their processes to ensure product designs and user expectations are aligned. This presentation will look at how the interaction between human and machine is now at the center of design, with prototyping and design technologies such as simulation and digital twins driving decision making.
How to profit from industrial design in cab development
Wanja S Steinmaier Managing partner Lumod GmbH Germany
Due to partially contradicting trends in the NRMM sector and therefore in the cab business, it is becoming increasingly essential to understand the specific needs of all stakeholders involved. Technical innovations, new processes and technologies constantly push the limits. But human desires and expectations are also changing. In this context, industrial design can play an important role and help businesses to thrive. This presentation will address some of the topics and show, with practical examples, how to use industrial design as a key factor of success.
A critical phase: cab installation – how to accelerate it?
Tiziano Zama Design consultant, international customer relations Main Engineering Srl San Marino
Vehicle design does not always consider all the necessary information about cab design. And vice versa. This can make the cab installation a critical phase that can slow down the whole project. It is possible to accelerate this phase by combining experience in vehicle engineering with indispensable skills for the development of cabs for industrial vehicles. The interpretation of technical needs, feasibility checks, project development and production support gives birth to a real project accelerator. The result is a perfectly integrated, technologically innovative and functional cab, with guaranteed, efficient industrialization that brings consistent savings in time, money and resources.
Automating industrial vehicle design with generative design
Jesse Coors-Blankenship SVP of technology PTC USA
Automation has as much potential to reshape the design of industrial vehicles as it does to affect their operation. Generative design is an evolving CAD capability that leverages AI to automatically generate designs fulfilling the engineer’s system requirements. By generating designs that perform better and use less material than human-designed parts, generative will unlock a revolution in efficiency. Industrial vehicle designers will be able to optimize their designs for a range of requirements, be they structural or manufacturing constraints. As designers harness generative to iterate more quickly and create more efficient designs, a wave of unprecedented innovation will be unleashed.
IoT- based predictive maintenance for off-highway vehicles
Yohann Desalle Director transportation/logistics solutions Hitachi France
Thanks to sensor data, we support maintenance managers to decrease their costs and increase uptime. For example, we predict the wear of spare parts (we will give user cases on tires and batteries of off-highway vehicles) based on driver behavior, load and weather conditions. This will also support onboard technicians in their failure diagnostics thanks to deep learning and sensor data from CANbus. This information will also offer fleet managers technical remote visualization of their assets, enabling them to make decisions to repair or drive back as if the truck were in front of them, helping them monitor and save costs.
Duygu Kanver User experience researcher Cerence USA
Multi-modal proactive updates, which refer to the information a vehicle proactively provides to its users in multiple forms such as voice, tone and visual updates, are welcomed in passenger cars and commercial vehicles. Users appreciate when their car warns them about heavy rain on their route, or reminds them they are due for an oil change. How do off-highway vehicle users feel about them, though? Would multi-modal proactive updates in the off-highway vehicle make life easier, or would they be distracting? These questions are answered in this presentation through the findings of an online survey and interviews with off-highway machine operators.
Adaptive operator systems in tractors – a new generation of usability
Timo Schempp Engineer in advanced development Elobau GmbH & Co KG Germany
Even though agricultural tractors are used for countless work scenarios with a huge variety of implements, state-of-the-art operator systems in tractors are mainly static – they always present a compromise solution. It is often a challenge for drivers to understand the operating logic, the operating procedures and the assignment of control elements to functions. Operating errors and a lack of efficiency are the consequences. We will show a fully functional and field-tested adaptive operator system that bypasses all the aforementioned weaknesses. For the first time ever, an operator system in a tractor adapts to the task.
New dimensions in industrial HMI and how to apply them
Jens Krzywinski Professor of industrial design engineering Technische Universität Dresden Germany
Sebastian Lorenz Research associate Technische Universität Dresden Germany
Today’s highly digitized control environments bringing together conventional interaction paradigms and those of HCI (human-computer interaction). Increasing operation safety, reliability and performance by reducing complexity are some of the main goals in improving serial-based HMI. Based on screening the latest trends and R&D efforts in the market, we identified six topics that are of growing importance for future HMI, particularly in (industrial) applications in this context: assistance, adaptivity, learning, scalability, multimodality and work experience. We applied these to analyze selected HMI concepts seen in the agricultural and construction machinery market lately and will show our findings here.
Customized platform HMIs toward Agriculture 4.0
Michael Jendis Executive director - commercial vehicles Preh GmbH Germany
Preh's platform-based customized design has raised the bar of perceived quality, haptic and optic experience and technological content for tractor HMIs. This journey has just started. Doing 'more with less' in agricultural business will move to the next level with teams of machines working beside each other. Postulating that platoons, autonomous tractors and robots will team up with a leader machine, the leader task pattern will make HMIs different. This presentation will focus on leader machine HMI requirements, elements and innovative content based on customized platform modules.
EVoR: enhanced view on reality
Luca Porcaro Project leader - electronic R&D MTA SpA Italy
The presentation will introduce an innovative head-up display (HUD) system with two different projection modes. Both systems feature laser projectors: a multicolor one with a microlens array screen and an ultraviolet one with a luminescent screen. The images coming from the two projectors are focused on the windshield, with a wide viewing area and visible from any cabin position.
How to keep up with the evolving world of HMI
Arno Purkrabek Team leader product management TTControl Austria
The ongoing evolution of mobile machinery and the increase in complexity in terms of functionality and vehicle system design have an impact on the requirements of operator interfaces. Besides the vehicle itself, the environment is coming increasingly into focus. Sensors and cameras in combination with operator assistance systems considerably increase the efficiency and profitability of mobile machinery. Mobile machinery OEMs are faced with less-skilled workers while the market demands higher productivity and efficiency. Today’s operator interfaces will allow entirely new use cases and will shift operator convenience and machine efficiency to a new level.
Rugged HMI solutions for challenging heavy-duty and special vehicles
Dr Alexander Krüger Chief innovation officer EAO Holding AG Switzerland
Synopsis to follow
Challenges of human-machine interfaces in automated machine operation
Dr Christoph Müller CEO MobileTronics GmbH Germany
Not only based on the latest accidents, experience in aviation shows how critical the design of human-machine interfaces is. Using carefully investigated examples from aviation, the presentation will show how wrongly designed user interfaces, especially related to driver assistance systems, may make the operator erroneously rely on the electronic control, potentially leading to dangerous situations. It will then give examples of how driver assistance systems can be integrated into operator-centered design of the machine operation.
How in-glass laminated displays improve vehicle safety, ergonomics and UX
Thomas Koch Display expert Beneq Oy Finland
By laminating transparent displays in glass, industrial vehicle OEMs are empowered to utilize all the windshields and windows, showing important information and providing functions controlled by touching the glass. The technology enables manufacturers to build safer vehicles and machines that improve ergonomics and user experience for drivers, operators and passengers. Compared with a typical HUD, in-glass displays have the following advantages: the setup is simple because it is integrated seamlessly with the windshields and windows; the images are viewable from all angles inside and outside the vehicles; it works for vertical windshields.
Design and intelligence – trends in work lighting
Christian Wadell Global research and development director Tyri Lights Sweden
New technology and demand for unique design in heavy vehicles call for new solutions regarding functionality, design and safety in work lighting. Modern technology gives endless possibilities for special design solutions for OEMs. New intelligent lighting solutions like Tyri’s INTELLilight also offer a totally new way of solving common problems related to work lights on heavy vehicles. A system where you can change color temperature, dim the lights and free group/re-group is just one button away. The lighting solution of tomorrow is already here.
Experimental results on dust removal by cabin flow modulation
Aki Komulainen Director - cabin technology Fortaco Group Oy Finland
Following Fortaco's simulation of dust removal from the cabin interior in transient conditions, this year we will show the results of the experimental study. Transient conditions happen when the operator opens the cabin door in a dusty environment, filling the interior with dust. Traditional means of protection, such as overpressure, sealings and filters, are useless in such situations. Using various measurement and visualization techniques, we will discuss the best strategies, such as air curtain versus fast removal, to protect the operator’s health.
Using sound to enhance the quality of industrial vehicles
Charles Moritz Vice president of research and development Blachford Acoustics Group USA
The perception of high-quality sound from a machine depends on the human interface and the information that operators receive from the sound. Operators use acoustical input to judge the operation (speed, load), condition and quality of the machine in addition to visual indicators. Too much of the wrong sounds can lead to communications interference and perceptions of low quality. Not enough of the right sounds can lead to perceptions of low power and unmasking of buzz, squeak and rattle. With a deeper understanding of the cab acoustical environment, sound design practices increase the value of the industrial vehicle.
* More speakers to be announced
Please Note: This conference programme may be subject to change