Perception for autonomous mobility – trends in lidar and radar technology
Dr Khasha Ghaffarzadeh Research director IDTechEx Germany
Lidars: We examine the many available technology options, and technical and strategic consequences of each technology choice. We discuss trends in FMCW versus ToF measurement, in NIR versus SWIR operation, and in mechanical versus micromechanical versus OPA versus other beam steering. We offer quantitative performance benchmarks, investment trend analyses, technology and market roadmap.
Radars: We discuss how radars are evolving toward single-package solutions implemented on advanced CMOS nodes. The increasing frequency and antenna array size is leading to higher range, velocity, and azimuth and lateral resolution. The denser and more accurate 4D point cloud enables deep learning to realize radar-based object classification, detection and beyond.
Intelligent construction machinery – component requirements, validation and testing
Due to the requirements of construction machines, new sensors are required that can withstand environmental influences. High availability is a key to success. This presentation will compare laser, ultrasound and radar sensors. It will also discuss the testing and validation of processes and systems, plus test processes for safe machines.
Advances in autonomous off-highway driving technologies and advanced analytics using AI
Anthony Ohazulike Senior researcher Hitachi Europe France
This review will present recent advances in the field of off-highway autonomous driving, including the technologies our team is developing to ensure smooth and comfortable off-highway autonomous driving, while ensuring that these technologies are robust in all weather conditions. The speaker will also present some of the technologies the team has been working on for advanced analytics using AI.
10:15 - 11:00
Combining development and testing approaches to reach high-quality cab HMIs
Borislav Nazarski Testing and validation expert Elektrobit Automotive GmbH Germany
In today's industrial vehicles, users are demanding more and more controls and functionalities to be added to the HMIs. OEMs are trying to satisfy these expectations while building unique and intuitive user experiences. This results in significantly increased complexity and a higher probability of errors during development. Developing and assuring the quality of those systems requires higher efforts and higher costs. To tackle these challenges, different development and testing approaches need to be followed. This presentation will describe how, by combining model-based development with testing automation, EB helps customers solve these challenges.
Autonomous drive platform testing and validation on multi-gigabit sensors
Alexander Noack Head of product center automotive electronics b-plus GmbH Germany
Mobile machines are increasingly moving toward automated and autonomous driving. The requirements of developers in test and validation for AD functions are on the rise. The presentation covers the main technical obstacles in dealing with multi-sensorics – focused on camera, radar and lidar – including systems and tool requirements, and gives an insight into best practices to overcome the challenges. Topics range from sensor data extraction via the recording of multiple sensor data streams, to the ingest into a data center or cloud infrastructure for further analysis, function development and AI training.
Lidar contamination in off-road applications
Kristiaan De Meester VP sales and business development XenomatiX Belgium
ADAS and AD applications are as important in off-road as they are in on-road – perhaps even more so. Although given less press attention, off-road applications benefit from confined areas to make fast progress in autonomous applications. The requirements for the sensor suite for off-road match most of the on-road requirements, with more importance placed on shock and contamination resistance. In some cases, such as mid-summer harvesting in Arizona, the functioning of the equipment depends on it, with or without autonomous driving. The paper describes the specific off-road requirements for lidar and discusses use cases and tests to validate the performance.
12:15 - 14:00
Connecting autonomous and assisted safe vehicles
Alexander Holler General manager electronics division Inter Control Germany
Industrial vehicles are increasingly remotely accessible to allow effective fleet management and immediate service. The increasing number of semi-autonomous and autonomous vehicles underlines the need for safety considerations when accessing such vehicles. During this presentation, possible communication architectures and the required processes will be introduced. Special attention will be given to the transfer of mass data, utilization of standard protocols and interfaces as well as the transfer of safe software for remote update and parameter changes on the vehicle.
Safety mechanism for advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS)
Paria Amini Safety manager Embotech AG and Rosas Switzerland
Autonomous vehicles need to be designed with appropriate levels of safety in the hardware and software portions of the computational system. Most ADAS need to comply with ASIL D requirements. On the other hand, the ADAS/AD needs to be a failsafe operational system. Achieving both goals is a challenging task because, as an example, verification and validation of motion planning and decision-making systems is not practically feasible. The ASIL decomposition between nominal and safety blocks, along with a diverse-redundant concept – especially in the planning and tracking phase of the ADAS design – can be the key to such complex software.
Operational machine and worksite simulation for autonomous control
Dr Arnold Free Chief innovation officer CM Labs Simulations Inc Canada
Navigation and operation in unstructured environments such as off-highway sites with soft soil and natural obstacles is particularly challenging due to their complex nature. Accurate simulation of vehicles and their interaction with off-road environments is required for training autonomous and semi-autonomous controllers. We discuss elements needed for such a simulation environment, such as accurate models for soft-soil interaction, and integration with subsystem models such as hydraulics, controls and sensors. We present a novel workflow and some examples of its use; in particular, modeling and validating a vehicle for mobility analysis, and tuning excavator hydraulics controllers.
15:15 - 15:55
Automated software quality assurance for autonomous vehicles
Heiko Dörr CEO Model Engineering Solutions GmbH Germany
This presentation will discuss how automated quality assurance of software models can reduce the increased efforts for validation and verification of software for autonomous vehicles; the basic guidelines for analysis and static model analysis; automating the analysis; interfaces for continuous integration and hook functions; ISO standards including requirements that can be covered with modeling guidelines and analysis; and evaluation of model structures.
SOTIF validation of AI models for Areas 2 and 3
Amin Amini Deputy CEO/head of automotive department CertX AG Switzerland
Safety of the Intended Functionality (SOTIF) applies to functionality that requires proper situational awareness in order to be safe. SOTIF is applicable to SAE Levels 4 and 5; since these levels rely on a lot of software decisions based on the artificial intelligence model, the safety validation of these AI models has become a key aspect. This presentation will provide an overview of how an AI model (perception system) can be validated for unsafe-known scenarios (Area 2) as well as unsafe-unknown scenarios (Area 3). A demo will also be presented to showcase the validation value for AVs.
Electric, Hybrid and Alternative Powertrain Solutions
Alex Woodrow Managing director Knibb Gormezano Limited UK
With governments worldwide seeking to reduce GHG emissions, road transport is being targeted to shift to net-zero emissions. However, changes to the supply chain and energy system will disproportionately impact non-road mobile machinery manufacturers and end users, which benefit from close links to heavy road transport. The presentation will assess the benefits and challenges in the adoption of net zero in the agricultural, construction and materials handling segments.
Energy management strategy for fuel cell electric forklift and containers
Neha Roy Innovation leader Hyster-Yale Group Netherlands
If we want to be prepared for the future and zero-emission terminals, we should be discussing how we can flexibly and efficiently cater to changing duty cycle demands in various applications, with a good energy management strategy between fuel cell and battery maintaining the longevity of fuel cell systems and batteries.
Assessment of the electrification of a 3.5-ton compact excavator
Romain Nicolas Systems engineer - Simcenter Amesim for trucks, buses and off-highway applications Siemens Digital Industry Software France
Sebastian Schmid Solutions consultant Siemens Digital Industries Software Germany
Many drivers are in favor of electrification: low-emission zones, workplace emissions regulations, Stage V below 19kW. System simulation is a key asset for exploring electrification, by enabling the identification of electrical system requirements, supporting the pre-sizing of electric motor, power electronics and battery, and addressing the validation of components development versus system requirements (autonomy, aging, thermal management, power).
10:15 - 11:00
Off-highway electrification: why now is the right time
Alastair Hayfield Research director Interact Analysis UK
This presentation will give an overview of the global off-highway vehicle market and forecast toward low- and zero-emission solutions. This will include a discussion on our approach of looking at vehicle application/duty cycle, and how this impacts the trend toward electrification. The speaker will also offer an insight into the industrial Li-ion battery market, forward production and pricing trends, and the impact on off-highway electrification uptake. An overview of urban low- and zero-emission zones, and how these are driving early adoption, will also be given. There will also be discussion of the impact of on-highway commercial vehicle market electrification, including technology transition/migration and a detailed focus on China, and how new policies and company direction will impact the global market.
From components to innovative and efficient system solutions
It is not only efficient components that result in high energy-saving potential. It is also necessary to consider the system, the drivetrain and the duty cycles. The presentation will show different approaches.
Digital Displacement – a new roadmap toward efficient hydraulic systems
Dr Niall Caldwell Managing director Artemis Intelligent Power Ltd UK
Off-road vehicles contribute over 2% of global greenhouse gases. High energy use, tough environments, linear motions and cost pressures make electrification difficult. But there is low-hanging fruit: existing off-highway hydraulic systems waste 50-70% of the engine’s useful energy. Digital Displacement technology offers the industry a new roadmap to deliver dramatic efficiency improvements in hydraulic systems, reducing emissions and fuel costs while increasing productivity. Focusing on excavators, the presentation will show the latest results on an evolutionary path from today’s analog hydraulics toward fully digital hydraulic systems that will reduce fuel consumption (or battery size) by 50% or more.
12:15 - 14:00
Challenges and opportunities of thermal management in an EV-terminal tractor from an OEM and supplier perspective
Henri Jacobs Technical manager - terminals Terberg Benschop BV Netherlands
Josef Graubmann Managing director Ymer Technology GmbH Germany
Terberg Benschop BV has been manufacturing electrically powered terminal tractors since 2012 and noticed the need for optimum range while maintaining comfortable working conditions for the operator as well as optimally temperature controlled battery packs. To enhance our product offering and achieve these goals, for our third-generation EV terminal tractors we have partnered with Ymer for the TMS (thermal management system). Ymer Technology is a specialist in complex cooling systems and has developed a fully integrated TMS system for EV machines. Both companies will share the challenges and opportunities during the development of a tailored and integrated TMS for an EV-terminal tractor as well as the machine and TMS system behavior and performance based on intensive testing.
Next-generation permanent-magnet-free electric drives for no-noise regenerative systems
Edoardo Ruggeri System and application specialist Settima Meccanica Srl Italy
Rare earth magnets (REM) have cost volatility and availability issues that affect the industries using them. High efficiency, silent operation, cost-effectiveness, energy recovery and performance are key factors in next-gen IVT applications. Synchronous reluctance motors (SRM) are the low-torque ripple solution, removing REM dependence. Regenerative electrohydraulic application driven by REM-free SRM is achievable through integrated engineering of electromagnetic, mechanical vibration reduction and hydraulic unit design. A pump-motor unit based on no-noise two- (Continuum) or four- (Continuum 4Q) quadrant technology creates a highly efficient, compact and regenerative simplified electrohydraulic design. New design features include energy recovery, no noise, low vibrations, and high dynamics and power density.
Optimal E-Powertrain Solutions for Future Electric Vehicles
Erfan Mohagheghi Technical Lead MicroFuzzy GmbH Germany
The e-powertrain of future electric vehicles (EVs) should be efficiently designed and managed to maximize the driving range while the total costs be minimized. For this, a complex multi-objective dynamic mixed-integer nonlinear programming optimization problem needs to be solved. The major reason of the complexity lies in the hybridization of EVs with different types of power sources. Therefore, the optimization problem aims to minimize the operation costs (probabilistic) during the lifetime of EV (e.g., 15-year prediction horizon) and the initial costs (deterministic) by finding both the size and the number of components while satisfying all constraints.
15:15 - 15:55
What to consider when choosing a lithium-ion battery pack
Jason Lovell Engineering manager Hyperdrive Innovation UK
As an electrification partner to international brands, Hyperdrive has partnered with multiple OEMs to develop their electric product ranges. We share some of the most common problems our customers face and advise best practices for system design. This includes expert knowledge on new product development, minimizing development costs and reducing time to market, especially for OEMs without in-house electrification expertise. We will also discuss considerations related to battery safety, system sizing, thermal management, battery management system (BMS) integration, and integration of batteries into the client’s control and power systems.
Modular battery charging systems for industrial vehicles
Chris Botting Manager of research Delta-Q Technologies Canada
Picking the right battery charger is a critical design choice for electrified vehicles. Your industrial vehicle needs an efficient and robust onboard charging system that can withstand harsh environments and use. A modular battery charging system has advantages over a single bulky charger, including packaging and installation flexibility, reliability and total cost of ownership.
New dimensions in industrial HMI and how to apply them
Jens Krzywinski Professor of industrial design engineering Technische Universität Dresden Germany
Sebastian Lorenz Research associate Technische Universität Dresden Germany
Today’s highly digitized control environments bringing together conventional interaction paradigms and those of HCI (human-computer interaction). Increasing operation safety, reliability and performance by reducing complexity are some of the main goals in improving serial-based HMI. Based on screening the latest trends and R&D efforts in the market, we identified six topics that are of growing importance for future HMI, particularly in (industrial) applications in this context: assistance, adaptivity, learning, scalability, multimodality and work experience. We applied these to analyze selected HMI concepts seen in the agricultural and construction machinery market lately and will show our findings here.
Customized platform HMIs toward Agriculture 4.0
Michael Jendis Executive director - commercial vehicles Preh GmbH Germany
Preh's platform-based customized design has raised the bar of perceived quality, haptic and optic experience and technological content for tractor HMIs. This journey has just started. Doing 'more with less' in agricultural business will move to the next level with teams of machines working beside each other. Postulating that platoons, autonomous tractors and robots will team up with a leader machine, the leader task pattern will make HMIs different. This presentation will focus on leader machine HMI requirements, elements and innovative content based on customized platform modules.
EVoR: enhanced view on reality
Luca Porcaro Project leader - electronic R&D MTA SpA Italy
The presentation will introduce an innovative head-up display (HUD) system with two different projection modes. Both systems feature laser projectors: a multicolor one with a microlens array screen and an ultraviolet one with a luminescent screen. The images coming from the two projectors are focused on the windshield, with a wide viewing area and visible from any cabin position.
10:15 - 11:00
How to keep up with the evolving world of HMI
Arno Purkrabek Team leader product management TTControl Austria
The ongoing evolution of mobile machinery and the increase in complexity in terms of functionality and vehicle system design have an impact on the requirements of operator interfaces. Besides the vehicle itself, the environment is coming increasingly into focus. Sensors and cameras in combination with operator assistance systems considerably increase the efficiency and profitability of mobile machinery. Mobile machinery OEMs are faced with less-skilled workers while the market demands higher productivity and efficiency. Today’s operator interfaces will allow entirely new use cases and will shift operator convenience and machine efficiency to a new level.
Rugged HMI solutions for challenging heavy-duty and special vehicles
Dr Alexander Krüger Chief innovation officer EAO Holding AG Switzerland
Synopsis to follow
Challenges of human-machine interfaces in automated machine operation
Dr Christoph Müller CEO MobileTronics GmbH Germany
Not only based on the latest accidents, experience in aviation shows how critical the design of human-machine interfaces is. Using carefully investigated examples from aviation, the presentation will show how wrongly designed user interfaces, especially related to driver assistance systems, may make the operator erroneously rely on the electronic control, potentially leading to dangerous situations. It will then give examples of how driver assistance systems can be integrated into operator-centered design of the machine operation.
12:15 - 14:00
How in-glass laminated displays improve vehicle safety, ergonomics and UX
Thomas Koch Display expert Beneq Oy Finland
By laminating transparent displays in glass, industrial vehicle OEMs are empowered to utilize all the windshields and windows, showing important information and providing functions controlled by touching the glass. The technology enables manufacturers to build safer vehicles and machines that improve ergonomics and user experience for drivers, operators and passengers. Compared with a typical HUD, in-glass displays have the following advantages: the setup is simple because it is integrated seamlessly with the windshields and windows; the images are viewable from all angles inside and outside the vehicles; it works for vertical windshields.
Design and intelligence – trends in work lighting
Christian Wadell Global research and development director Tyri Lights Sweden
New technology and demand for unique design in heavy vehicles call for new solutions regarding functionality, design and safety in work lighting. Modern technology gives endless possibilities for special design solutions for OEMs. New intelligent lighting solutions like Tyri’s INTELLilight also offer a totally new way of solving common problems related to work lights on heavy vehicles. A system where you can change color temperature, dim the lights and free group/re-group is just one button away. The lighting solution of tomorrow is already here.
14:50 - 15:30
Experimental results on dust removal by cabin flow modulation
Aki Komulainen Director - cabin technology Fortaco Group Oy Finland
Following Fortaco's simulation of dust removal from the cabin interior in transient conditions, this year we will show the results of the experimental study. Transient conditions happen when the operator opens the cabin door in a dusty environment, filling the interior with dust. Traditional means of protection, such as overpressure, sealings and filters, are useless in such situations. Using various measurement and visualization techniques, we will discuss the best strategies, such as air curtain versus fast removal, to protect the operator’s health.
Using sound to enhance the quality of industrial vehicles
Charles Moritz Vice president of research and development Blachford Acoustics Group USA
The perception of high-quality sound from a machine depends on the human interface and the information that operators receive from the sound. Operators use acoustical input to judge the operation (speed, load), condition and quality of the machine in addition to visual indicators. Too much of the wrong sounds can lead to communications interference and perceptions of low quality. Not enough of the right sounds can lead to perceptions of low power and unmasking of buzz, squeak and rattle. With a deeper understanding of the cab acoustical environment, sound design practices increase the value of the industrial vehicle.
* More speakers to be announced
Please Note: This conference programme may be subject to change