Synopsis: With the advent of more stringent Tier 5 emissions regulations coupled with serious concerns raised by diesel emission compliance cheating incidents, the backbone diesel engine is facing significant challenges in meeting ever more demanding air quality and climate goals. One extremely promising technology – opposed piston engines – may alter that trajectory and create a new path forward for diesel. Achates Power has added state-of-the-art control systems and aftertreatment to the opposed piston design, leading to Class 8 engines capable of increasing best-in-class efficiency by 15% while still reducing NOx emissions by 90% under USEPA standards. This engine is already used in industrial applications and could become the future platform for competitive industrial vehicles. This presentation reviews the current status of the engine in military, truck and industrial uses and future pathways.
Synopsis: Autonomous Solutions Inc (ASI) has robotic vehicles operating around the world in markets like mining, agriculture, automotive and material handling. Technology developments like ASI’s multi-vehicle command and control software give a single operator control over a fleet of vehicles. However, ASI’s driverless technology wouldn’t be possible without continued work in localization for increased accuracy indoors/outdoors and environmental awareness for obstacle detection/avoidance. ASI engineers have succeeded along the way to make the technology smarter and more aware of surroundings. Learn how ASI’s cutting edge driverless ground vehicle technology is changing the commercial industry.
Bill Van Amburg
Synopsis: Based on research into market economics, technology readiness and component transferability, there is a clear emerging pathway for electrified on- and off-road commercial vehicles and equipment. With the advent of a new Global Commercial Vehicle Drive to Zero program targeting major urban regions, what is the impact on and benefit for industrial vehicle electrification and where will it be targeted? This presentation will review these emerging market segments, identify the top geographies driving this change and provide insights into what industrial segments will benefit from these markets and also may be required to electrify rapidly.
Synopsis: The presentation will offer an overview of the headline challenges facing the agricultural industry related to autonomy compared with the vast opportunity to solve new problems with the technology. This will include updates on insights learned from the CNH Industrial autonomous vehicle pilot programs, where we are pioneering new technologies while learning alongside customers in the field.
Elza Marisa Paiva de Figueiredo
Synopsis: This presentation will discuss various factors: 1) Automotive vs. off-highway (mining, precision agriculture); 2) Architecture slides; 3) Localization – 3.1. IMU, 3.2. Wheel odom, 3.3. GNSS, 3.4. SLAM - others; 4) Navigation – 4.1. Static (ASI, defers control in safety-related condition) vs. dynamic path planning; 5) Simulation – 5.1. ROS/gazebo, 5.2. Matlab/Simulink, 5.3. dSpace; 6) Functional safety – 6.1. Mining/agriculture standards (focus is on identifying people around machines).
Synopsis: This presentation will focus on the next steps in the E-DEUTZ approach, which involves the development of fully functional electrified drivetrains for real-world mobile machinery. The investigated approaches cover the range from a mild hybrid powertrain that combines a combustion engine < 56kW with a 20kW electrical machine, across full-scale hybrid-electric vehicles (HEV) to fully electrified battery-electric vehicles (BEV). The review will also address the conceptual layout, the mechanical and electrical design of powertrains in demonstrator vehicles, and the impact on real-world fuel economy and emission reduction.
Synopsis: With autonomous vehicles, the interior layout must be completely rethought compared with standard vehicles. For example, the fact that passengers can change the orientation of their seats could make the usual static climate systems and some safety equipment inefficient. The required innovation to address these kinds of issues cannot rely on a classical trial-and-error approach during testing on real prototypes, as this could take too long and be too expensive. An alternative approach is to iterate during the conception phase with virtual prototypes. This paper will give examples of how this approach can be applied to interior thermal management and safety.
Synopsis: Transient conditions such as entry or re-entry into the cabin in hot or dusty conditions pose serious risks to operator health and comfort. They may also negatively affect productivity, as operators delay their actions waiting for conditions to settle. Fortaco researched two areas: thermal comfort of the operator and removal of dust after dust ingression following opening of the door. Two aspects of operator comfort will be discussed: experimental results of using solar energy generated by panels mounted on the machine for cabin air-conditioning; simulation of dust removal using the Lattice-Boltzmann method (LBM).
Synopsis: AI-based solutions are a suitable approach to cope with the complexity of autonomous driving tasks. However, decisions taken by AI are not reliable, as their decision-making process cannot be validated. AI-based solutions therefore require fundamentally different approaches to guarantee the dependability of the system in every driving situation and its failsafe behaviour. Therefore, resilient software architecture solutions give the AI adequate freedom to play out its strengths and intervene when the data determined by AI could lead to unsafe decisions. This presentation will give an insight into different approaches for resilient software architectures used for dependable autonomous systems.
Synopsis: To be confirmed shortly
Synopsis: Synopsis to follow shortly from Robert/ Dietlinde
Synopsis: Hyster is developing a zero-emissions version of its Laden Container Handler. A key element is high efficiency of the vehicle to provide long operation without refueling hydrogen or recharging the battery. Two functions of the vehicle have the highest energy consumption: traction and lifting the load. Other functions like tilting or steering require less energy. Energy recovery in traction is standard on most EVs; new for container handlers is energy recovery while lowering the load. In other words: regain the energy needed for lifting. Hyster will present the first results of its patent-pending hydraulic full flow recovery system.
Synopsis: The presentation will focus on the current state of the art and trends in the development of electric and hybrid powertrain solutions for access machines (aerial work platforms). Mobile elevated work platforms are an ideal application for hybrid power systems due to the duty cycles and requirements to work in partially and sometimes fully closed building envelopes. Over the last 20 years, hybrid power machines have become prevalent in the construction industry. However, very few companies offer both series and parallel hybrid designs. These products reduce emissions and noise while minimizing fuel consumption without sacrificing power or performance, and providing flexibility in machine usage.
Synopsis: This presentation will review the challenges for mass market non-road segments, the assessment of market segmentation and customer requirements. Plus the impact of technology transfer from the CV segment and implications for engine and driveline.
Synopsis: The presentation will compare IC engine, hybrid and battery-electric powertrains. The focus is non-tethered, mobile off-highway machines, but the analysis approach is applicable to other types of vehicles. It will discuss: global and local emissions (e.g. Stage V); energy and power; a direct numerical performance and cost comparison between IC engine/IC engine-hybrid and pure battery-electric powertrains based on current and future technology; the utility of diesel fuel and IC engines; and energy production method choices. It will finally seek to answer the fundamental question: "Off-highway vehicle powertrains: what is the best energy source?".
Synopsis: This presentation will discuss ways to empower company leaders to master a heterogeneous multi-partner project of high complexity, leading to extraordinary innovation by cross-company or cross-discipline collaboration. This will result in better performance of all participants with a soft-skill-driven push-and-pull strategy (motivating and challenging) handling partners individually with intuitive empathic fine feeling. All of the participants will be equally committed to achieving the objectively best output for the benefit of all stakeholders. This includes networked thinking, cluster building, motivation by vision, and design at the center of the innovation process.
Synopsis: Since 2005, Poclain Hydraulics' heavy commercial vehicle offering has consistently evolved. Now available at many European manufacturers, more than 20,000 vehicles use AddiDrive, a hydraulic hybrid transmission that transfers torque to a non-mechanically powered axle only when needed. AddiDrive augments the efficiency and safety of trucks used in construction, forestry and municipal applications, while making them more economical and environmentally friendly. AddiDrive helps users who face last-mile traction problems to maximize uptime and payload. In addition to the technical solution, Poclain now offers co-marketing services to support a successful product launch and manufacturers' sales efforts.
Synopsis: Partial or full integration of electric solutions into off-highway vehicles is an opportunity for optimization of working equipment such as excavators, harvesters or material handling machinery. When used in closed-loop circuits, hydrostatic drives offer a simple, robust and efficient solution for energy recovery and performance optimization. Poclain Hydraulics and its customer engineering experts have developed innovative solutions taking the best of both worlds thanks to hydraulic high-performances solutions and electrohydraulic systems. This will be illustrated during the presentation using real case applications, such as excavator slew drive, harvester ground drive and winches.
Synopsis: SwRI, in partnership with Toyota and the University of Michigan, is developing algorithms to improve the energy usage in hybrid vehicle applications using V2x infrastructure. Taking the form of advanced driver’s aids and more adaptive vehicle controls, SwRI has shown that a 'smart' strategy for energy usage in a PHEV application can result in significant savings in energy consumed on any given drive profile. Within the performance metrics and targets defined by consumer preference, applying route and traffic knowledge to the torque split decision-making results in a unique SOC profile that optimizes the energy usage of the vehicle.
Synopsis: To be confirmed shortly
Synopsis: As a leading supplier of surveying equipment and machine control positioning solutions, Topcon Positioning is now going a step further with the introduction of global GNSS Correction Service, Topnet LIVE. The presentation will explain how Topnet LIVE offers surveying accuracy positioning to OEM partners and in particular how this technology is applicable to autonomous vehicle guidance. It will describe how the infrastructure of the global GNSS correction service is organized, its key components and also how the correction data is broadcast to the moving vehicles, either by cellular or L-band.